Today students choose their courses and degrees on the basis of concrete career prospects that the degree will offer them. This shows that employability is a big concern among the youth of these days. Here are the challenges students have to face while looking for employability-
Higher education in India
The level and quality of higher education in India is still not par with the western world. We still lack behind a lot.
Very commonly students have the required degrees that a person needs in finding jobs but lack the desired skill sets needed on the practical grounds.
Although the government has been working on creating more satisfactory opportunities for the youth, India's population is very high and the jobs availability for the people is very less.
After 2 years of lockdown, China has decided to open its borders for 'some' Indian students. China has said that it is highly concerned about the studies of Indian students studying in China and has shared the necessary protocols with the Indian side. It has also said that the fact that there is a huge number of students who have to return is understandable but China will only call a portion of them back for now considering the ongoing epidemic situation. This rule is applicable to all the other countries as well. The process for the arrival has been initiated from their side and India has to yet share its list of students with China. There are approximately 23000 students who have to return to China for their studies. Selection will be made on a need-assessed method.
The National Medical Commission has issued a warning for Indian students against pursuing medicine in Pakistan just few days after UGC and AICTE warned Indian students against studying in Pakistan. The notice quotedAll concerned are advised not to travel to Pakistan for pursuing medical education," said NMC's official notice."Any Indian national/overseas citizen of India who intends to take admission in MBBS/BDS or equivalent medical course in any medical college of Pakistan shall not be eligible for appearing in FMGE or seeking employment in India on the basis of educational qualifications (in any subject) acquired in Pakistan except those who had joined Pakistan degree colleges/institutions before December 2018 or later after obtaining security clearance from MHA till date." The FMGE/NEXT which stands for Foreign Medical Graduates Examination/National Exit Test is a license mandatory for foreign medical students who want to practice in India.
In the budget 2022, it was announced that all the world famous universities will be allowed to open their campuses in Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT) city, ‘free from domestic regulations’ but bound by IFSCA (International Financial Services Centres Authority). This will prove to be a brand new chapter in the history of the Indian education system. The implications will be multifaceted on the Indian education system. This includes the curriculum, degree duration, profitability, staff, reservations of seats and many more things. As per a data received by Rajya Sabha, over 1133749 students were enrolled in foreign universities. This shows the huge gravitation of Indian students towards western universities. As per 2015 Open Doors reports, Indian students contribute 3.6 Billion Dollars to the US economy. For Indian universities to attract this section of students, it will take a lot of development on different levels which will be a gradual process. Bringing foreign universities to India can prove to be a good move to avoid both brain and money drain from the country but the certainty of it can be assured by time only.
Scholastic Aptitude Test has been a mandatory criteria for students to secure their admission in colleges for over a hundred years. This ensures that all the students go through a transparent testing criteria oblivious of their backgrounds in any way and to ensure equality of the opportunity. But now after the pandemic a lot of universities and colleges in the US have distanced themselves from this test as a primary requisite for admissions into the colleges. Although this move had been building up inside the universities for years the process gained pace through and after the pandemic. While some people think that high school grades are a better way of predicting a student's performance in college, some think that SAT' are more moral and generalised. The debate has raised a lot of questions and arguments.
According to the 2022 Times Higher Education Rankings The University of Texas at Arlington has been ranked number 8th in an international measure for sustainability. These rankings are based on the assessment of the universities' efforts in complying with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals which are 17 goals covering different parameters such as education, human rights, public health, community development and economic growth. UTA improved 6 positions from last year. In total 42 US universities competed in the rankings and around 300 universities globally. According to the United Nations in order to have a successful partnership there need to be an inclusive partnership on a local, national and international level.
The University of Canberra has been ranked number one again for the second time consequently by Times Higher Education for keeping its promise to promote equity and sustainable changes. This year the university also got back its global ranking of 57th position. This ranking is based majorly on how the University of Canberra works in ensuring equality of education and resources and the quality of research that happens in the university. Canberra is thought to be a fairly homogeneous city but the university has 28th percent of its student population internationally which is surprising. Professors have said that the university has a lot of measures to ensure equality and non-discrimination and makes sure that the students and staff have a good experience all together.
Greek Universities have slipped from their positions in global university rankings. The University of Athens gained 275th positionThe Aristotle University of Thessalonik which was the second highest ranking Greek university gained 417th place. It has been said that Greek Universities have failed to compete with latest educational innovations and restricted itself to an education system that is very old. While the whole world is progressing and improving every day, Greece on the other hand has failed to make any remarkable change that can be termed as revolutionary or very innovative. So the number of students traveling to Greece for higher studies has not been very high in the past few years. Unlike countries like Ireland that developed their education system from a previously not so famous legacy Greece has been quite stiff with its approach. It is hoped that Greece will be able to make a mark in the field of education very much like it has made in the field of tourism in the coming years.
Dozens of universities across the United States of America have made masks compulsory again as the coronavirus cases rise again. This includes Columbia University, Johns Hopkins University and Georgetown University, among a lot more. Philadelphia became the first major US city to mandate indoor masking again. There has been a huge controversy regarding if masks should be reinforced in the country again or not. There are two factors to be considered. One is health care and the other is politics and it's inevitable to separate them both from each other. But the rising COVID cases have tensed many and it is for everyone's better to start wearing masks again.
United States of America dominates the 2022 QS World Rankings in Subjects with 239, followed by the United Kingdom with 131, Switzerland (31), Singapore (23), Canada (19), Netherlands (15), Australia (13), Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) (7), France and Italy (6 each) and China (mainland) with 4. The rankings were released on the 6th of April and were the 12th edition of the list. The rankings compare 1543 universities offering 15200 individual programs across 88 different locations. The most represented universities were from the United States of America followed by the United Kingdom, then China and then Australia. Canada's University of Toronto is the university with the largest number of top 50 programs. Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology were the top performers offering 12 of the world's best departments each. In Europe ETH Zurich was the top continental performer.
According to data between 2016 and 2019 289592 students came to India on student visa but during this period only 190494 students enrolled into Indian universities. As per a statement released by MEA spokesperson the numbers vary because the enrollment count includes students who pursue graduation or even higher degrees but student visas are also given to yoga practitioners as well as school students. According to foreign students, getting a student visa for India is very easy. All they have to do is apply for a provisional student visa of six months duration from the Indian Mission abroad and once he/she gets the confirmed admission. The visa can be extended to 5 years by providing a bonafide certificate.
The University Grants Commission (UGC) has made it easier for Indian universities to offer courses in collaboration with foreign universities through a new Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). In a recent meeting of UGC it was decided that any Indian University that has has a National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) grading of 3.01 or above, or is among the top 1,000 QS World University or Times Higher Education rankings, or is among the top 100 universities under National Institution Ranking Framework,will be able to collaborate with any foreign university which also features under the top 1000 QS World University rankings easily. The previous regulations of UGC which were launched in 2016 required universities to take UGC' approval. The chairperson of UGC said that the previous rules were too strict and now the process has been simplified for the benefit of students.
A few years ago one or two exceptions out of a social circle would send their students to study abroad. This was seen as a sign of status symbol and trendsetter in those times. Now we see that this trend has been more rampant and generic. Every other student is going abroad to pursue their higher education. The reason can be bandwagon trends, quality lifestyle, better education, exposure, social networking, travel or anything. But this has surely taken over the education world like another pandemic which is doing good to people. The cost of studying abroad can go as high as 25 -30 lakhs per annum minus the eating, travelling and other miscellaneous expenses. While most students opt for bank loans, banks have started treating education loans like any other commodity loans. Interest rates on education loans are pretty high and become hard for students to pay back.
UGC has formed a new panel that will form the latest rules regarding the establishment of new campuses of foreign universities in India and vice versa. The panel consists of 16 members and will regulate everything that falls under this category. Last year IIT Delhi had sought approvals to open 2 campuses, one in Saudi Arabia and the other in Egypt. The International Institute of Technology Research Academy in Mauritius decision saw a lot of objections and against stances. Recently, New Education Policy (NEP) specified that if an Indian University wants to open its campus then it has to seek approval from three Union ministries – education, external affairs and home affairs.
The University Grants Commission has recommended a new proposal due to which higher education might undergo huge changes. According to the latest proposal given by UGC 40% of higher education will be completed under the online mode. This proposal was created keeping in mind the NEP which encourages all the modes of learning. Teachers will be given the instruction to complete 40% of their syllabus through online mode and rest 60% through offline mode. The proposal is meant to increase the academic performance of the students, improve their skills and knowledge and make them use-to hybrid learning. Teachers can also make the best use of blended education by putting together online and offline resources in an effective manner to make the learning process more engaging.
Bulgaria's health ministry has announced that it will be lifting travel restrictions related to the pandemic from May 1. According to the ministry all the international students coming to Bulgaria must have an EU certificate of vaccination or a document proving that they had been earlier infected by COVID. Bulgaria had sealed its borders for international tourists and students since the onset of the pandemic and now that the borders are opening it's great news for all those who are doing their higher studies in Bulgaria.
Reenford Reese, who is a professor in the Department of Political Science has donated 100K Dollars for student's study abroad programs. Reese who has been teaching now for 26 years believes that teaching must not be limited to only classrooms and shall be explored beyond that. Reese sold a parcel of his land to a non profit organization and donated the received money. Reese wants this money to benefit those students who are not able to avail the already available study abroad programs that universities offer due to money restrictions. Prior to this students were encouraged to apply for scholarships either based on their merit or their financial status. Prior to the pandemic most of these trips were held outside the country but now since the pandemic had started the trips have been restricted within the country itself.
There are some common problems that all Indian students have to face while shifting abroad. These are-
Deciding where to study for your higher education is solely your decision. People are likely to pass judgements and give their opinions but everything should be based solely on your decision.
Too many universities or courses
Universities in foreign offer more courses than those in India and this becomes overwhelming for students. In this case they must maintain their calm and keep in mind their interest field and choose accordingly.
Finances are a major aspect to handle when you are moving abroad. Make sure you plan them wisely and efficiently.
Dealing with paperwork
This process involves a lot of paperwork at each and every step whether you are applying for a visa or submitting your application in college. Make sure you are ready with everything beforehand.
Fear of failure
Often students feel burdened with extra expectations of their families and people around them. Make sure that you don't feel stressed and faith in yourself is the key to success.
Ohio University has released its latest guidelines regarding the vaccination requirements. In the upcoming session employees and non-residential students are no longer required to be vaccinated but the OHIO community members are strongly encouraged to get their vaccination done. To avoid any risk involved with coronavirus this measure has been taken. All those students who choose to live in the on-campus accommodation will have to provide information regarding their vaccination status before shifting here. At this point of time the university doesn't plan on conducting regular corona tests although it may test some groups involved in particular activities.