The University of Munich is a public research university which was established in the year 1472 as University of Ingolstadt until 1802. The university is located in Munich, Germany. The University has been considered as one of Europe's most prestigious universities. The university has other campuses and institutes: Klinikum Grosshadern, chemistry and biotechnology campus, Klinikum Innenstadt, and Institut am Englischen Garten.
The University of Munich offers degree courses such as the Diplom and Magister Artium in favor of the more internationally known Bachelors and Masters system. The University has 18 faculties: Faculty of Catholic Theology, Faculty of Protestant Theology, Faculty of Law, Faculty of Business Administration, Faculty of Economics, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty for History and the Arts, Faculty of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science and Study of Religion, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Faculty for the Study of Culture, Faculty for Languages and Literatures, Faculty of Social Sciences, Faculty of Mathematics, Computer Science and Statistics, Faculty of Physics, Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Faculty of Biology, Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental Sciences.
The University of Munich has more than 50,000 students, 3,196 Undergraduate students, 2,087 Graduate students and more than 2,000 academic staff. The university attracts a great number of international students every year – 15 percent of its 50,000 students come from countries other than Germany.
The University of Munich has more than 40 Nobel laureates associated with the university, it ranks 16th worldwide by a number of Nobel laureates. The University has recently been conferred the title of "elite university" under the German Universities Excellence Initiative. The university is currently the second-largest university in Germany in terms of student population. The university offers an increasing number of courses mainly in English to cater to international students who may have little or no background in the German language. The University of Munich also maintains numerous research centers: Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Nanosystems Initiative Munich, Parmenides Center for the Study of Thinking, Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society.
Notable alumni: Sir Muhammad Iqbal (Philosopher, Persian and Urdu poet), Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen ( Nobel Prize in Physics), Hans-Werner Sinn (professor of economics)