Study Computer Science and Information Technology in Top Universities

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What is Computer Science & Information Technology?

Computer science mainly focuses on the planning, creation, and testing of latest programs, operating systems, and applications. Computer Science majors study programming languages, computing theory, and algorithms. Within CS, professionals work as software developers, application developers, or software engineers.

Information technology focuses on the business side of technology. In IT, professionals create technical solutions to business problems. For instance, systems administrators keep networks operating smoothly, while database managers organize data.

The two fields require a number of an equivalent skills. For instance, technical training, analytical abilities, and programming skills help both CS and IT professionals. As a more business-focused field, IT also draws on interpersonal and communication skills.

Careers in Information Technology

IT professionals help organizations meet their data management needs, assist customers who need computing support, and solve technical problems for businesses.
At the associate level, computer support specialists provide tech support to users and organizations. They earn over $54,000 per annum with faster-than-average projected job growth between 2019 and 2029.
With experience, information technology professionals enter management roles, like computer and knowledge systems manager, which pays a median annual salary of over $146,000.
Information technology professionals believe strong analytical skills and a detail-oriented outlook. Like CS,information technology professionals draw on their technical skills. Since they spend much of their time interacting with customers, executives, and tech coworkers, IT professionals also need strong interpersonal and communication skills.

Careers in computer science

A degree in computer science prepares professionals for in-demand careers in high-paying fields.

Computer science graduates work as software developers, web developers, and computer programmers, fields that typically require either an associate or bachelor’s degree. Project managers, computer and knowledge research scientists, and other data science professionals in computer science may have a master’s degree.

These computer science careers require strong analytical skills to make software programs, applications, and websites that meet user needs. Additionally to technical abilities, computer science professionals must also draw on problem-solving skills to check programs and proper any bugs.

Difference between computer science and information Technology.

A computer science degree provides focused training for development and engineering roles. computer science professionals often spend their time independently developing programs or working with teams to check code. Unlike information technology careers, computing professionals spend less time focused on the business side of technology.

The difference between computer science and information Technology is that computer scientists design and develop the software programs that IT professionals use and maintain. IT specialists take what they've learned about computers and apply that knowledge in businesses across all industries.

A computer science degree provides focused training for development and engineering roles. Computer science professionals often spend their time independently developing programs or working with teams to test code. Unlike information technology careers, computer science professionals spend less time focused on the business side of technology.

The difference between Computer Science and Information Technology is that computer scientists design and develop the software programs that IT professionals use and maintain. IT specialists take what they've learned about computers and apply that knowledge in businesses across all industries.

Different Types of Computer Science & Information Technology

Computer Science Degrees

A computer science degree prepares graduates for a variety of career opportunities. Depending on their degree level, computer science professionals can work as web developers, software engineers, data scientists, and computer science professors.

A growing number of schools offer computer science degrees online. The online format offers an accessible and convenient route to the degree.

Information Technology Degrees

Students can earn an information technology degree at the undergraduate or graduate level. An associate degree in information technology provides foundational training in the field, introducing students to database management, programming languages, and computer systems. An associate degree meets the qualifications for roles like computer support specialist.

Many information technology careers require a bachelor’s degree. At the bachelor’s level, information technology majors learn to design network systems and manage databases. Computer systems analysts and network architects typically hold a bachelor’s degree.

Pursuing a graduate degree helps IT professionals advance their careers and qualify for new roles. At the graduate level, information technology students can earn a master’s degree to specialize their skills or add management training. Computer and information systems managers may need a master’s degree.

Professionals with a doctorate in information technology can work in research and academia, such as working as an IT professor.

Many schools also offer an online information technology degree for students seeking a flexible schedule. Learn more about the top online bachelor’s programs in information technology.

Accreditation for Information Technology and Computer Science Degrees

Accredited schools meet the highest standards for educating students. Regionally and nationally accredited institutions undergo a rigorous review process to earn accreditation. In general, regional accreditation is the best type of accreditation for STEM degrees like computer science and information technology.

In addition to institutional accreditation, prospective students can look for an accredited program. The Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) grants accreditation to computer science and information technology programs. An online computer science degree or online information technology degree should also hold accreditation.

Students can research accredited schools and programs through the U.S. Department of Education database and learn more about why accreditation matters.

Courses in Information Technology

During an information technology program, students take courses in computer networking, cybersecurity, and programming. Information technology courses build strong problem-solving, analytical, and project management skills. Many programs incorporate business courses since IT professionals draw on business training in their careers. Depending on the program, students may complete projects or a thesis to strengthen their skills.

The following list covers common courses during an information technology program. Many programs, particularly at the graduate level, also let students choose a specialization area, such as data analytics, information security, or informatics.

Computer Networking

Students learn how to create and manage computer networks. Introductory courses introduce learners to local area networks, network operating systems, and network architecture. Students gain the skills and knowledge to succeed in advanced coursework and careers in network administration.


This course teaches students how to protect data from cyberattacks. Coursework covers the tools and techniques of information assurance, including cybersecurity risks, penetration testing, and privacy concerns. Students also learn how to prevent and investigate data breaches, including the process of formulating data breach response procedures.

Cloud Computing

These classes introduce students to cloud infrastructure and related IT services. Students explore the process of migrating information systems into a cloud system, building cloud data environments, and different resources for storage and networking. The course prepares students for careers in the growing cloud computing field.

Courses in Computer Science

Computer science students take classes in programming, computer systems, and cybersecurity. At the advanced level, learners may specialize in topics like artificial intelligence, human-computer interactions, and machine learning. By selecting a focus area, graduates prepare for tech careers.

Computer science coursework builds strong analytical and technical skills. Students learn to conduct research, test computer programs, and problem-solve during the degree. Many programs strengthen these skills through a project or thesis.

The following list introduces common courses in a computer science degree. Specific courses vary depending on the program and degree level.

Programming Fundamentals

Many computer science programs include programming classes that introduce students to multiple programming languages. Students examine programming theory, primitive operations, and control statements. They also learn debugging techniques. Depending on the program’s requirements, students may learn languages like C++, Java, Python, and JavaScript. Programming classes prepare computer science, majors, for advanced coursework.

Mobile Computing

Students learn how to build mobile systems from programming operating systems to designing mobile networks. The course explores mobile computing security, mobile applications, and mobile computing infrastructures. A background or specialization in mobile computing prepares graduates for careers as mobile developers.

Machine Learning

These courses train students how to write algorithms and programs that improve their performance over time. The class may cover topics like computational learning theory, reinforcement learning, and unsupervised learning techniques. Students may also explore the connections between machine learning and artificial intelligence.

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